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E3 Leaders & NATO Urge Iran to Refrain From Violent Action and Respect the Nuclear Deal

France, Germany, and the UK condemned “the recent attacks on Coalition forces in Iraq.” They emphasized the negative role played by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Quds forces previously led by assassinated General Qassem Soleimani. They also urged Iran to “to refrain from further violent action,” and abide by the 2015 nuclear deal, in a joint statement issued on Jan. 6.

In the joint statement, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson called on all parties to de-escalate. “The current cycle of violence in Iraq must be stopped,” they said.

“Another crisis risks jeopardizing years of efforts to stabilize Iraq,” says the statement.

The three countries also reaffirmed their determination to fight the Islamic State.

“We also reaffirm our commitment to continue the fight against Daesh [Islamic State], which remains a high priority. The preservation of the Coalition is key in this regard. We, therefore, urge the Iraqi authorities to continue providing the Coalition all the necessary support,” the three countries said in the statement.

“We stand ready to continue our engagement with all sides in order to contribute to defuse tensions and restore stability to the region,” they said.

Macron also expressed “Frances solidarity with its allies during a telephone conversation with President Trump on Jan.5 and said Iran must avoid destabilizing actions,” reported EurActiv.

In this photo released by the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, technicians work at the Arak heavy water reactor's secondary circuit, as officials and media visit the site, near Arak, 150 miles (250 kilometers) southwest of the capital Tehran, Iran, Monday, Dec. 23, 2019. (Atomic Energy Organization of Iran via AP)
In this photo released by the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, technicians work at the Arak heavy water reactor's secondary circuit, as officials and media visit the site, near Arak, 150 miles (250 kilometers) southwest of the capital Tehran, Iran, Monday, Dec. 23, 2019. (Atomic Energy Organization of Iran via AP)
Technicians work at the Arak heavy water reactors secondary circuit, as officials and media visit the site, near Arak, 150 miles southwest of the capital Tehran, Iran, on Monday, Dec. 23, 2019. (Atomic Energy Organization of Iran via AP)

Iran Nuclear Deal

The three countries commonly referred to as “E3”, which are also the signatories of the JCPOA (The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action—an agreement signed in 2015, also known as Iran nuclear deal,) urged Iran, in the statement, “to reverse all measures inconsistent” with the deal.

It was in response to the announcement made by an Iranian government spokesman on Jan. 5 that Iran would no longer abide by the limits of the 2015 nuclear deal intended to curb its burgeoning nuclear program.

According to the statement from the Iranian regime, “The Islamic Republic of Iran will end its final limitations in the nuclear deal, meaning the limitation in the number of centrifuges,” the statement reads. “Therefore, Irans nuclear program will have no limitations in production, including enrichment capacity and percentage and number of enriched uranium and research and expansion.”

However, Iran would still cooperate with the International Atomic Agency if sanctions were lifted, according to the NY Times.

In 2018, the U.S. withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal and re-imposed tight sanctions on Iran previously lifted as a part of the deal.

Spoke w Iranian FM @JZarif about recent developments. Underlined need for de-escalation of tensions, to exercise restraint & avoid further escalation. Also discussed importance of preserving #JCPOA, which remains crucial for global security. I am committed to role as coordinator.

— Josep Borrell Fontelles (@JosepBorrellF) January 4, 2020

European Union foreign policy chief Josep Borrell also urged Iran to de-escalate tensions in the Middle East in his conversation with the Foreign Minister of Iran Mohammad Javad Zarif, according to the EU statement. He also stressed the importance of adhering to the 2015 nuclear deal, offering his continued engagement in coordinating the efforts of the remaining participants to implement the agreement to completion, and invited Zarif to Brussels to further discuss these matters, said the EU statement.

A headquarters building of Popular Mobilization Forces (Hashd al-Shaabi) burns after being torched by demonstrators during ongoing anti-government protests, in Nassiriya, Iraq January 5, 2020. (Stringer/Reuters)
A headquarters building of Popular Mobilization Forces (Hashd al-Shaabi) burns after being torched by demonstrators during ongoing anti-government protests, in Nassiriya, Iraq January 5, 2020. (Stringer/Reuters)
A headquarters building of Popular Mobilization Forces (Hashd al-Shaabi) burns after being torched by demonstrators during ongoing anti-government protests, in Nassiriya, Iraq on Jan. 5, 2020. (Stringer/Reuters)

Stability in the Middle East

On Jan. 5 members of the Iraqi parliament passed a non-binding resolution calling for foreign troops to leave the country.

Iraq has been torn between its close relationship with Iran and its relationship with Washington after a drone strike killed Soleimani.

According to EurActiv mostly Shiite parliamentarians backed the resolution, “as the special session was boycotted by most Sunni Muslim and Kurdish lawmakers, who believe that kicking out United States-led forces would leave Iraq vulnerable to insurgents, undermine security and heighten the power of Iranian-backed Shiite militias.”

In response to the resolution, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo _

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