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Connecting Iraq With Gulf Electric Grids Seeks to Change Middle East Politics

The Trump administration is trying to support Iraq in developing good relationships with the Gulf countries to help it meet its energy needs and to reduce its dependence on Iran.

That way the United States isnt only helping Iraq reduce Iranian influence and build better relationships to meet its energy and economic needs, but by doing so is also drawing Iraq closer geopolitically, experts say.

Esra Serim, a doctoral candidate in political science at Aix-Marseille University in France, told The Epoch Times in an email that the Trump administration thinks that Iraq should reduce its energy dependence on Iran, and because of that, it pushes both Iraq and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) toward each other.

“Recently, the U.S. fully backed a plan to connect Iraq to the GCC electric grid and mediated between Baghdad and six Arab Gulf countries, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the UAE, to reach an agreement. This plan means that Iraqs electric capacity will increase dramatically,” Serim said.

Iraqs state coffers were drained because of an economic crisis spurred by falling oil prices and the pandemic, leaving little for investment to maintain the countrys aging electricity infrastructure.

In the scorching summer months in the countrys oil-rich south, where temperatures topped 125 degrees Fahrenheit (52 degrees Celsius) in early August, people were left with painful new choices in the age of the pandemic: Stay at home in the sweltering heat with no electricity for hours, or go out and risk the virus.

Epoch Times Photo
Epoch Times Photo
An Iraqi man rides a bicycle beneath a web of electric wires in the Syed Sultan Ali area of the capital Baghdad, on July 13, 2020, used to draw electricity from private generators due to an unreliable national electricity supply amid high temperatures. (SABAH ARAR/AFP via Getty Images)

Connecting Electric Grids

The project of the Gulf Cooperation Council Interconnection Authority (GCCIA) to connect the electric grids of Iraq with GCC aims to provide electricity to the suffering people of Iraq, mostly in the southern provinces, according to a joint statement released by the United States, GCC, and the Republic of Iraq on July 16.

“The Government of Iraq, Gulf Cooperation Council, and the United States look forward to increased close economic and energy cooperation between the United States, Iraq, and the GCC countries, as a basis for peace, development, and prosperity in the region,” the State Department said in the statement.

In a recent development, UAE has offered to provide Iraq with electricity for more than $1 per kilowatt, which Iraq currently imports at more than $5 from Iran, according to Maan Habib, a news anchor with AlhurraIraq, an Iraqi TV channel.

Yezid​ Sayigh, a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center, told The Epoch Times in an email that the United States is using two issues to draw Iraq into a closer geopolitical relationship.

“A serious problem that Iraq faces in electricity supply, and the U.S. interest in Iraqi energy,” said Sayigh, whos based in Beirut.

While Iraq is the second-largest oil producer after Saudi Arabia in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), its forced to import gas and electricity from Iran because its electricity sector cant meet demand due to lack of investment and rehabilitation, according to The Arab Gulf State Institute (AGSIW) in Washington.

“But first and foremost, the U.S. administration is using these two issues to try to draw Iraq into a closer geopolitical relationship. Integrating Iraq into GCC electricity networks is a way of cementing a strategic reorientation, as leaving the grid at a later date would be costly,” Sayigh said.

When a high-level Iraqi delegation led by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi met with the Trump administration on Aug. 19 and 20 in Washington, the issue of connecting Iraq with the electric grid in the Gulf countries was discussed again.

“The two governments plan to continue cooperation with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member-states and Gulf Cooperation Council Interconnection Authority on Iraq/GCC electricity connections and energy investment,” the State Department said in a statement released after the strategic meeting on Aug. 19.

Epoch Times Photo
Epoch Times Photo
U.S. Secretary of State Michael Pompeo (R) meets with Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein during a press conference at the State Department in Washington on Aug. 19, 2020. (Mandel Ngan/AFP via Getty Images)

Re-integration Into Arab World

Ranj Alaaldin, a visiting fellow at the Brookings Doha Center, said in an analysis published on Aug. 19 that the relationships between Iraq and the Gulf countries havent been good, due to a complex array of factors.

“With U.S. support and leadership, Iraq can become re-integrated into the Arab world, re-invigorate a relationship with the Gulf that is based on mutual interests to help revive the Iraqi economy, and reduce its dependence on Iran in the process,” he said.

Serim said the Iraqi government also is eager for the United States to play its role in restoring its ties with the GCC.

“Creating a set of economic/financial and diplomatic incentives between Iraq and the GCC would pave the way for overcoming their past conflicts and seducing more American allies to invest in Iraq, and will also help to alienate Iraq from Iran,” Serim said.

Alaaldin said the U.S. administration should create a framework to give direction to the Iraq–GCC relationship.

“What the U.S. can and should devise is a set of guiding principles, a framework for forging what would effectively be a U.S.-GCC axis in Baghdad and a GCC-aligned political coalition in Baghdad that creates a sense of direction and a synergy between the extensive ties that some political actors already have with the Gulf,” he said.

Epoch Times Photo
Epoch Times Photo
A general view taken on Sept. 13, 2017, shows the Electric Power Station in Baghdad.
(AHMAD AL-RUBAYE/AFP via Getty Images)

Sanctions on Iran

Serim said applying pressure and sanctions on Iran is “lying at the bottom” of the U.S. project to connect Iraq with the Gulf electric grid.

“Because U.S. sanctions forbid other countries from purchasing Iranian energy, except for when a waiver is provided [when asked from Washington],” said Serim.

Kate Dourian, a non-resident fellow at the AGSIW, wrote in an anRead More – Source

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