There are several causes of headaches, including stress, certain medications, and diet. They can also be caused by illnesses of the eye, ear, nose, and throat. To identify the underlying cause of your headache, talk to your primary care physician. A medical professional can recommend lifestyle changes and treatment options.
Your doctor may order additional testing to determine the cause of your headache. These tests may include a neurological examination, blood tests, and imaging. Imaging may include x-rays, MRIs, and CT scans. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe prescription medications. Sometimes, the pain will simply disappear on its own, but if the headache persists, it may indicate a more serious underlying disorder.
Some people develop recurrent cluster headaches, or cluster headaches. These are the most painful types of headaches and occur in clusters. Approximately one out of every 1,000 U.S. adults has cluster headaches. These headaches are often intense and can last anywhere from fifteen minutes to three hours. They can limit the sufferer’s daily activities and can be debilitating. Some people even experience auras, such as watering of the eyes, or difficulty speaking.
Migraine headaches are a common form of headache. Migraine headaches are characterized by throbbing pain that starts in the head and lasts anywhere from a few hours to a few days. They can also be associated with vomiting, nausea, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine and cluster headaches can wake up sufferers from their sleep and can cause severe pain. Migraine sufferers may also have nasal congestion or post-nasal drip in one nostril.